Companies in this category typically have a major focus on standardisation; this is simply something that runs deep in their DNA. For example, this is very clear in their approach to Mergers & Acquisitions that typically constitutes “Rip & Replace” of the acquired company’s old systems. In general, companies of this type have a high degree of maturity when it comes to data governance, which thereby ensures high quality of data entry in the source systems. Insofar as reporting is concerned, it will typically be necessary to view data at both aggregated and detailed level at all central company dimensions as transparency is important for management at all levels. Since data are typically standardised in the source systems, “the job is done” – the data are ready for BI. The data architecture in BI should naturally be shared across business units. The BI function should only support the company’s overall data governance practice.